The Black Panthers were formed in California in and they played a short but important part in the civil rights movement. The language of the Black Panthers was violent as was their public stance. They were willing to use violence to get what they wanted. It had a 10 Point Plan to get its desired goals.
Black Panther Party
The Rise And Fall Of The Black Panther Party
The Black Panthers attracted widespread support among young urban blacks, who wore the group's distinctive black leather jackets and black berets and often openly displayed weapons. Also attracting the attention of local police and the FBI, the group declined as a result of deadly shootouts and destructive counterintelligence activities that exacerbated disputes between Panthers and other black militant groups. Newton was already a black militant activist in when he met Seale, a fellow student at Oakland's Merritt College. Both joined the Afro-American Association, a black cultural organization led by Donald Warden, but they became dissatisfied with Warden's procapitalist form of black nationalism. Williams, the then Cuban-based guerrilla warfare advocate.
Black Panther Party Supplies
At its inception on October 15, ,  the Black Panther Party's core practice was its armed citizens' patrols to monitor the behavior of officers of the Oakland Police Department , a practice later known as "copwatching", and challenge police brutality in the city. In , community social programs became a core activity of party members. Black Panther Party members were involved in many fatal firefights with police: Huey Newton allegedly killed officer John Frey in , and Eldridge Cleaver led an ambush in of Oakland police officers, in which two officers were wounded and Panther Bobby Hutton was killed. The party suffered many internal conflicts, resulting in the murders of Alex Rackley and Betty Van Patter.
The original Black Panther Party and its ideology was described as "evolutionary". Eldridge Cleaver, one of the best known leaders and the Minister of Information of the Black Panther Party, explains the party's ideology:. The ideology of the Black Panther Party is the historical experience of Black people and the wisdom gained by Black people in their year long struggle against the system of racist oppression and economic exploitation in Babylon, interpreted through the prism of the Marxist-Leninist analysis by our Minister of Defense, Huey P. Newton . Marxism-Leninism is the idea that an disadvantaged underclass must revolt against oppressors, where the oppressed groups of people will then dictate over the working-class and take steps toward Communist rule .